As no wisdom, learning, virtue, wealth, or power, can keep one of the human race from death, so nothing can deliver a sinner from being condemned at the day of judgment, except the atoning sacrifice of Christ; nor will one be saved from eternal punishment who despises or neglects this great salvation. The need of death before the testamentary appointment takes effect, holds good in Christ's relation as MAN to us; Of course not in God's relation to Christ. . Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Greek, "And, moreover, in like manner." The saints shall hereafter see God's face in Christ ( Revelation 22:4 ): the earnest of which is now given ( 2 Corinthians 3:18 ). 9. Below are some quotations from Adventist sources that recognize day of atonement references in Hebrews, and especially Hebrews 9:25. Material, outward, perishing (however precious its materials were), and also defective religiously. which, &c.--"which (tabernacle) is called the holy place," as distinguished from "the Holy of Holies. Argument from the less to the greater. The time of the temple-worship really belonged to the Old Testament, but continued still in Paul's time and that of his Hebrew readers. Nothing could be clean to a sinner, not even his religious duties; except as his guilt was done away by the death of a sacrifice, of value sufficient for that end, and unless he continually depended upon it. ministering angels; but mostly to the elect redeemed, by whom God shall hereafter rule the world and set forth His manifold wisdom: redeemed humanity, combining in, and with itself, the highest forms of subordinate creaturely life; not angels. purge--purify from fear, guilt, alienation from Him, and selfishness, the source of dead works ( Hebrews 9:22 Hebrews 9:23 ). Moreover, the expression "once" for all here, and in Hebrews 9:28 , and Hebrews 10:10 Hebrews 10:12 , proves the falsity of her view that there is a continually repeated offering of Christ in the Eucharist or mass. While it (the first tabernacle, and that which represents the Levitical system) as yet "has a standing" (so the Greek, that is, "has continuance": "lasts"), the way to heaven (the antitypical "holiest place") is not yet made manifest (compare Hebrews 10:19 Hebrews 10:20 ). We have greater freedom, both of spirit and speech, in the gospel, and greater obligations to a more holy living. Therefore, it is discussed here in connection with the holy place, along with the candlestick, and the table of showbread. Which--sacrifices. 10. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. "In," however, may be used here (as the corresponding Hebrew word) as to things attached to the ark as appendages, as the book of the law was put "in the side of the ark," and so the golden jewels offered by the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 6:8 ). In this section, 42:1 says "I have put my Spirit upon him" (p. 205). . the flesh--Their effect in themselves extended no further. Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. by--"through"; as the means of His approach. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, could not enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; and none of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here, or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus. The intermediate state is a state of joyous, or else agonizing and fearful, expectation of "judgment"; after the judgment comes the full and final state of joy, or else woe. . There will follow, in 6:4-8, the third major warning passage of Hebrews and in 6:9-20, the writer lifts his readers to a new level of hope based upon the oath and promise of … Compare Exodus 24:8 (covenant), which Christ quotes, though it is probable He included in a sense "testament" also under the Greek word diathece (comprehending both meanings, "covenant" and "testament"), as this designation strictly and properly applies to the new dispensation, and is rightly applicable to the old also, not in itself, but when viewed as typifying the new, which is properly a testament. Compare Hebrews 9:11 , "good things to come." mediating victim"; the masculine is used of the victim personified, and regarded as mediator of the covenant; especially as in the new covenant a MAN (Christ) took the place of the victim. Thus, Matthew 26:28 may be translated, "Blood of the covenant"; for a testament does not require blood shedding. heavenly things themselves--the archetypes. not without blood--( Hebrews 8:3 ). spoken . But the expression that there was nothing THEN therein save the two tables, leaves the inference to be drawn that formerly there were the other things mentioned by the Rabbis and by Paul here, the pot of manna (the memorial of God's providential care of Israel) and the rod of Aaron, the memorial of the lawful priesthood ( Numbers 17:3 Numbers 17:5 Numbers 17:7 Numbers 17:10 ). A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. 24. ordinances--of divine right and institution. A. 8. concur here: (1) a testator; (2) heirs; (3) goods; (4) the death of the testator; (5) the fact of the death brought forward in court. His body is opposed to the tabernacle, as His blood to the blood of goats, &c. greater--as contrasted with the small dimensions of the earthly anterior tabernacle. 11. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The typical meaning of these things has been shown in former remarks, and the ordinances and articles of the Mosaic covenant point out Christ as our Light, and as the Bread of life to our souls; and remind us of his Divine Person, his holy priesthood, perfect righteousness, and all-prevailing intercession. Compare "better," Hebrews 9:23 . imposed--as a burden ( Acts 15:10 Acts 15:28 ) continually pressing heavy. These requisites of a will, or testament. The apostle, having declared the Old-Testament dispensation antiquated and vanishing away, proceeds to let the Hebrews see the correspondence there was between the Old Testament and the New; and that whatever was excellent in the Old was typical and representative of the New, which therefore must as far excel the Old as the substance does the shadow. Hebrews 9:19-26. transgressions . So justification is followed by renewing. for--"in reference to the existing time." As in Hebrews 9:24 , Paul said, it was not into the typical, but the true sanctuary, that Christ is entered; so now he says, that His sacrifice needs not, as the Levitical sacrifices did, to be repeated. English Version has confounded three distinct Greek verbs, by translating all alike, Hebrews 9:24 Hebrews 9:26 Hebrews 9:28 , "appear." They can only reach as far as the outward flesh (compare "carnal ordinances," Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). . 14. offered himself--The voluntary nature of the offering gives it especial efficacy. Thus "once" means here on the one occasion only. Construe, "Nor yet did He enter for this purpose that He may offer Himself often," that is, "present Himself in the presence of God, as the high priest does (Paul uses the present tense, as the legal service was then existing), year by year, on the day of atonement, entering the Holy of Holies. (9) Furthermore we have had fathers. And--Greek, "But." 28. which is called the holiest of all; which was either typical of Christ, who is called the most Holy, Daniel 9:24 he being so in both natures, divine and human; or of heaven, for the holy places, made with hands, were figures of heaven, Hebrews 9:24 for its holiness, it being the habitation of the holy God, holy angels, and spirits of just men made perfect; and for its invisibility, and the unseen things which faith and … The ashes were laid by for constant use; so the continually cleansing effects of Christ's blood, once for all shed. Paul, by inspiration, supplies the particular specified here, not in Exodus 24:7 . . The Greek is forcible, "through THE blood of His own" (compare Hebrews 9:23 ). into . The outer tabernacle the Jews believed, signified this world; the Holy of Holies, heaven. Properly used of remitting a debt ( Matthew 6:12 , Matthew 18:27 Matthew 18:32 ); our sins are debts. in the person of the mediating victim, and the death of man in the same. His glorified body, as the meeting place of God and all Christ's redeemed, and the angels, answers to the heavens through which He passed, and passes. Hence is their continual prayer as the fruit and expression of their faith, Even so come, Lord Jesus. It was carried in Vespasian's triumph, and the figure is to be seen on Titus' arch at Rome. John MacArthur (The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Hebrews [Moody Press], p. 221) points out that the Bible only devotes two chapters to the story of creation, but it gives about 50 chapters to the tabernacle. dead works--All works done in the natural state, which is a state of sin, are dead; for they come not from living faith in, and love to, "the living God" ( Hebrews 11:6 ). 25. appear--rather, as Greek, "be seen." "It is enough that Jesus should show Himself for us to the Father: the sight of Jesus satisfied God in our behalf. Nothing more destroys the faith of the gospel, than by any means to weaken the direct power of the blood of Christ. But here Paul omits this clause, as he includes the fulfilment of this condition of obedience to "all these words" in the new covenant, as part of God's promise, in Hebrews 8:8 Hebrews 8:10 Hebrews 8:12 , whereby Christ fulfils all for our justification, and will enable us by putting His Spirit in us to fulfil all in our now progressive, and finally complete, sanctification. "The time of reformation" ( Hebrews 9:10 ) stands in contrast to this, "the existing time"; though, in reality, "the time of reformation," the New Testament time, was now present and existing. Proud member ", 3. Hebrews 4:9. Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; … and upon his sons, and upon the altar, is mentioned as well as the anointing, so that we might naturally infer, as JOSEPHUS has distinctly stated, that the tabernacle and its vessels were sprinkled with blood as well as being anointed: Leviticus 16:16 Leviticus 16:20 Leviticus 16:33 , virtually sanctions this inference. In Matthew 26:28 two other requisites appear: witnesses, the disciples; and a seal, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the sign of His blood wherewith the testament is primarily sealed. The Levitical priests must therefore retire. sprinkled . The "first testament" thus includes the whole period from Adam to Christ, and not merely that of the covenant with Israel, which was a concentrated representation of the covenant made with (or the first testament given to) mankind by sacrifice, down from the fall to redemption. to bear the sins--referring to Isaiah 53:12 , "He bare the sins of many," namely, on Himself; so "bear" means, Leviticus 24:15 , Numbers 5:31 , 14:34 . for us--in our behalf as our Advocate and Intercessor ( Hebrews 7:25 , Romans 8:34 , 1 John 2:1 ). without--Greek, "apart from." Rome's fiction of an UNBLOODY sacrifice in the mass, contradicts her assertion that the blood of Christ is present in the wine; and also confutes her assertion that the mass is propitiatory; for, if unbloody, it cannot be propitiatory; for without shedding of blood there is no remission ( Hebrews 9:22 ). with--literally, "in." "Our sins were laid on Him. Chapter 9 The apostle, having declared the Old-Testament dispensation antiquated and vanishing away, proceeds to let the Hebrews see the correspondence there was between the Old Testament and the New; and that whatever was excellent in the Old was typical and representative of the New, which therefore must as far excel the Old as the substance does the shadow. Luke was Paul's companion, which accounts for the correspondence, as here too "is" has to be supplied. So in Luke 22:29 , "I appoint (by testamentary disposition; the cognate Greek verb diatithemai) unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me." In order to "offer" ( Hebrews 9:25 ), or present Himself often before God in the heavenly holiest place, like the legal high priests making fresh renewals of this high priestly function. The believer knows that his Redeemer liveth, and that he shall see him. Sunday, October 2, 2016, is from Hebrews 1:1-9. otherwise--"seeing that it is never availing" [ALFORD]. The wool was also a symbol of purity ( Isaiah 1:18 ). Carnal (outward, affecting only the flesh) is opposed to spiritual. A few believers, under the Divine teaching, saw something of the way of access to God, of communion with him, and of admission into heaven through the promised Redeemer, but the Israelites in general looked no further than the outward forms. In the old dispensation the condition to be fulfilled on the people's part is implied in the words, Exodus 24:8 , "(Lord made with you) concerning all these words." The Greek for "not yet" (me po) refers to the mind of the Spirit: the Spirit intimating that men should not think the way was yet opened [TITTMANN]. For His blood, offered by Himself, purifies not only outwardly, as the Levitical sacrifices on the day of atonement, but inwardly unto the service of the living God ( Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). But the expression is not "there must be the death of both parties making the covenant," but singular, "of Him who made (aorist, past time; not 'of Him making') the testament." He hath not only droned for all actual sins, but destroyed sin itself. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear … Though one's ignorance may mitigate one's punishment ( Luke 12:48 ), it does not wholly exempt from punishment. after--behind; within. Therefore there remains (still unrealized in any rest that Israel then enjoyed) a sacred rest, a Sabbath-rest (the word is now changed), for the people of God. The water of separation, made of the ashes of the red heifer, was the provision for removing ceremonial defilement whenever incurred by contact with the dead. not made with hands--but by the Lord Himself ( Hebrews 8:2 ). But, in Hebrews 9:24 , it is "to present Himself," namely, before God in the heavenly sanctuary; in Hebrews 9:26 , "been manifested" on earth. The translation of sins on the victim usual in other expiatory sacrifices being omitted in the case of the slain goat, but employed in the case of the goat sent away, proved the two goats were regarded as one offering [ARCHBISHOP MAGEE]. Not bearing the sin of many on Him as at His first coming (even then there was no sin in Him). The law had a carnal and a spiritual aspect; carnal, as an instrument of the Hebrew polity, God, their King, accepting, in minor offenses, expiatory victims instead of the sinner, otherwise doomed to death; spiritual, as the shadow of good things to come ( Hebrews 10:1 ). Jesus came as the *Messiah and God is his Father. Christ--Greek, "THE Christ"; the representative MAN; representing all men, as the first Adam did. The greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands: Jesus, as our High Priest, ministers in a superior sanctuary – the very throne room of God. And as interpreted by the gospel, these things are a glorious representation of the wisdom of God, and confirm faith in Him who was prefigured by them. Thus was the Lord Jesus Christ, all and in all, from the beginning. . 12. . They expressly say, Revelation 5:8-10 , "Thou hast redeemed us." It is true the heir is ordinarily the successor of him who dies and so ceases to have the possession. . In Hebrews 9:2-5 , "the worldly sanctuary" is discussed; in Hebrews 9:6 , &c., the "ordinances of worship." errors--Greek, "ignorances": "inadvertent errors." PROOF OF AND ENLARGEMENT ON, THE "ETERNAL REDEMPTION" MENTIONED IN Hebrews 9:12 . calves. since the foundation of the world--The continued sins of men, from their first creation, would entail a continual suffering on earth, and consequent oblation of His blood in the heavenly holiest place, since the foundation of the world, if the one oblation "in the fulness of time" were not sufficient. The purification of the flesh (the mere outward man) was by "sprinkling"; the washing followed by inseparable connection ( Numbers 19:19 ). shedding of blood--shed in the slaughter of the victim, and poured out at the altar subsequently. Neither--"Nor yet." Amplified: And, [His completed experience] making Him perfectly [equipped], He became the Author and Source of eternal salvation to all those who give heed and obey Him … Hebrews 9 King James Version (KJV). tables of the covenant--( Deuteronomy 9:9 , 10:2 ). We must plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for us in heaven. The sprinkling of the roll (so the Greek for "book") of the covenant, or testament, as well as of the people, implies that neither can the law be fulfilled, nor the people be purged from their sins, save by the sprinkling of the blood of Christ ( 1 Peter 1:2 ). He entered within the veil on that day twice at least. The Hyssopus officinalis grows on walls, with small lancet-formed woolly leaves, an inch long, with blue and white flowers, and a knotty stalk about a foot high. "If there had been greater efficacy in the repetition of the oblation, Christ necessarily would not have been so long promised, but would have been sent immediately after the foundation of the world to suffer, and offer Himself at successive periods" [GROTIUS]. 15. for this cause--Because of the all-cleansing power of His blood, this fits Him to be Mediator ( Hebrews 8:6 , ensuring to both parties, God and us, the ratification) of the new covenant, which secures both forgiveness for the sins not covered by the former imperfect covenant or testament, and also an eternal inheritance to the called. He was offered by the Father, His own "eternal Spirit" ( Hebrews 9:14 ) concurring; as Abraham spared not Isaac, but offered him, the son himself unresistingly submitting to the father's will ( Genesis 22:1-24 ). according to the law--strictly adhering to every direction of "the law of commandments contained in ordinances" ( Ephesians 2:15 ). John 1:29 , "Behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin (not merely the sins: singular, not plural) of the world." perfect--perfectly remove the sense of guilt, and sanctify inwardly through love. make . your--The oldest manuscripts read "our." . The testator was represented by the animals slain in the old dispensation. manna--an omer, each man's daily portion. In our wilderness journey we are continually contracting defilement by contact with the spiritually dead, and with dead works, and need therefore continual application to the antitypical life-giving cleansing blood of Christ, whereby we are afresh restored to peace and living communion with God in the heavenly holy place. Week 4 (Aug. 30, 2015) Preaching text: Hebrews 9:1-14 This is a passage where thinking visually is essential. It should not be confusing that the golden altar of incense is said to pertain to the Holy of Holies (Hebrews 9:4), because, situated as it was, so near to the entrance through the veil, it did indeed pertain to the most holy place of all, but it was not located within the holiest place but without in the holy place. Hebrews 2:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 2:9, NIV: "But we do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone." candlestick . Compare Hebrews 9:23 , which shows that there is something antitypical to the Bible in heaven itself (compare Revelation 20:12 ). Translate, "Through the . 22. almost--to be joined with "all things," namely almost all things under the old dispensation. The Greek negative, "ou po," would deny the fact objectively; "me po" denies the thing subjectively. The first is that the entire sacrificial system, the Aaronic priesthood, and the Tabernacle system of worship were only copies of a spiritual reality. In 1 Kings 8:9 , 2 Chronicles 5:10 , it is said there was nothing in the ark of Solomon's temple save the two stone tables of the law put in by Moses. Man's works before justification, however lifelike they look, are dead, and cannot therefore be accepted before the living God. Hebrews 9:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 9:14, NIV: "How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!" However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian That sin has been at His first coming once for all taken away, so as to need no repetition of His sin offering of Himself ( Hebrews 9:26 ). it is appointed--Greek, "it is laid up (as our appointed lot)," Colossians 1:5 . "Which" refers not merely to the cherubim, but to all the contents of the sanctuary enumerated in Hebrews 9:2-5 . "Carnal ordinances" stand in apposition to "sacrifices" ( Hebrews 9:9 ). good things to come--Greek, "the good things to come," Hebrews 10:1 ; "better promises," ( Hebrews 8:6 ; the "eternal inheritance," Hebrews 9:15 , 1 Peter 1:4 ; the "things hoped for," Hebrews 11:1 ). (11-22) The necessity, superior dignity, and power of his priesthood and sacrifice. They leave guilt upon the conscience, not to be washed away but by the blood of Christ. The animals offered had no spirit or will to consent in the act of sacrifice; they were offered according to the law; they had a life neither enduring, nor of any intrinsic efficacy. pot--"golden," added in the Septuagint, and sanctioned by Paul. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. This GOLDEN censer was only used on the day of atonement (other kinds of censers on other days), and is therefore associated with the holiest place, as being taken into it on that anniversary by the high priest. eternal--The entrance of our Redeemer, once for all, into the heavenly holiest place, secures eternal redemption to us; whereas the Jewish high priest's entrance was repeated year by year, and the effect temporary and partial, "On redemption," compare Matthew 20:28 , Ephesians 1:7 , Colossians 1:14 , 1 Timothy 2:5 , Titus 2:14 , 1 Peter 1:19 . by the sacrifice of himself--Greek, "by (through) His own sacrifice"; not by "blood of others" ( Hebrews 9:25 ). Hebrews 9 Commentary (1) “THEN VERILY THE FIRST COV­ENANT HAD ALSO ORDINANCES OF DIVINE SERVICE, AND A WORLDLY SANCTUARY.” The exegesis is: 1. scarlet wool, and hyssop--ordinarily used for purification. The tabernacle and its contents needed purification ( 2 Chronicles 29:21 ). Besides the goat offered for the people the blood of which was sprinkled before the mercy seat, the high priest led forth a second goat, namely, the scapegoat; over it he confessed the people's sins, putting them on the head of the goat, which was sent as the sin-bearer into the wilderness out of sight, implying that the atonement effected by the goat sin offering (of which the ceremony of the scapegoat is a part, and not distinct from the sin offering) consisted in the transfer of the people's sins on the goat, and their consequent removal out of sight. "Christ . Christ alone beholds the Father without a veil, and is His perfect image. Moses ( Exodus 24:8 ) speaks of the same thing as [Christ and] Paul. 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