Pairs of guardian lion statues are still common decorative and symbolic elements at the entrances to restaurants, hotels, supermarkets and other structures, with one sitting on each side of the entrance, in China and in other places around the world where the Chinese people have immigrated and settled, especially in local Chinatowns. Reference to guardian lions as dogs in Western cultures may be due to the Japanese reference to them as "Korean dogs" (狛犬・高麗犬) due to their transmission from China through Korea into Japan. This breed generally not used as a service dog. chinese lion dog breed ( ) | chinese lion dog breed how to chinese lion dog breed for 1. Very often, the problem does not surface until the dog is 6 or more years old, so it is very difficult to screen the problem in a pup. When the British and French troops entered, she committed suicide. The Buddhist version of the Lion was originally introduced to Han China as the protector of dharma and these lions have been found in religious art as early as 208 BC.  When looking at the entrance from outside the building, facing the lions, the male lion with the ball is on the right, and the female with the cub is on the left. He established smallpox vaccination clinics in China. The breed standards of two other flat-faced breeds, the Pug and English Bulldog, were soon also changed. Chow Chow.  Symbolically, the female lion protects those dwelling inside (the living soul within), while the male guards the structure (the external material elements). The breed is prone to have heatstroke when exposed to high temperature for a long time. , In recent[when?] Some of the worlds are: Planet Earth, Under The Sea, Inventions, Seasons, Circus, Transports and Culinary Arts. The Pekingese sheds a lot. They make both … No wonder this breed was used for guarding Buddhist temples. An especially common problem is eye ulcers, which may develop spontaneously. The Empress Dowager Cixi presented Pekingese to several Americans, including John Pierpont Morgan and Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, daughter of Theodore Roosevelt, who named it Manchu. Cream, black, white, tan, black and tan and occasionally 'blue' or slate grey have appeared in the breed. Because of its desirable characteristics, the Pekingese has been part of the development of designer crossbreeds, such as the Peekapoo (crossed with a poodle) and Peke-a-tese (crossed with a Maltese). You won’t have a hard time spotting a Shar-Pei in China due to their very unique wrinkly face (see above). On one particular event, on the eleventh lunar month of 87 CE, "... an envoy from Parthia offered as tribute a lion and an ostrich" to the Han court. Indeed, the lion was associated by the Han Chinese to earlier venerated creatures of the ancient Chinese, most notably by the monk Huilin (慧琳) who stated that "the mythic suan-ni (狻猊) is actually the lion, coming from the Western Regions" (狻猊即狮子也，出西域).. The Pekingese has a median lifespan of 11.4 years in a UK Kennel Club survey.. Depending on how long its hair is, it resembles a bear or a lion. The Pekingese dog, often affectionately called the "Peke" by western pet-owners, has a long and illustrious history in China.Nobody knows quite when the Chinese first began to breed the Pekingese, but they have been associated with the emperors of China since at least the 700s CE. They are known in colloquial English as lion dogs or foo dogs. Having been around for nearly 2,000 years, this old breed can still be found in the Chongqing province today. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. The Pekingese should not be kept outside, as having flattened faces and noses can cause them to develop breathing problems, making it difficult for them to regulate their body temperature in overly hot or cold weather. A heart murmur is a potential sign of a problem, and must be evaluated by a veterinary cardiologist. Care should be taken when picking them up to give adequate support to the back: one hand under the chest, the other under the abdomen. , Several instances of lions as imperial tributes from Central Asia were recorded in the document Book of the Later Han (後漢書) written from 25-220 CE. The Chow Chow is most suitable for single dog families unless they’re raised with a dog of the opposite sex. They are also used in other artistic contexts, for example on door-knockers, and in pottery. They require a lot of grooming. The name is taken from ancient times, when emperors would carry the smallest of the breed in their sleeves. The body is compact and low to the ground. chinese lion dog breed ( ) | chinese lion dog breed how to chinese lion dog breed for You may already know these things in which case I wish you the best of luck. chinese lion dog breed ( ) | chinese lion dog breed how to chinese lion dog breed for Let us introduce “101 Dog Tricks: Step by Step Activities to Engage, Challenge, and Bond with Your Dog” – one of the most popular books when it comes to tricks for dogs. . Each world has more than 20 groups with 5 puzzles each. These styles vary in their artistic detail and adornment as well as in the depiction of the lions from fierce to serene. Combined with the fur around their face, they somewhat resemble a little lion. Mrs Flander's Mai Mai weighed only a little over 4 pounds and many other breeders had bred true miniatures of a similar size. One of the many 450-year old Foo dogs at San Agustin Church in Manila. Young puppies (under three or four months) generally want to be right by your side, and this is a plus when it comes to leash training your puppy because little Rascal will most likely follow you as … They were named Chang and Lady Li. Pekingese also have a muscular and durable body.  Today the guardian lions are more usually specified by reference to the medium or material, for example: In English and several Western languages, the guardian lions are often referred in a multitude of name such as: "Fu Dogs", "Foo Dogs", "Fu Lions", "Fo Lions", and "Lion Dogs". When diagnosed early and successfully treated with medication, a Pekingese with this problem can expect to live many years. In Hubbard's time, the term Sleeve was applied in Britain to a miniature Pekingese no more than 6–7 pounds in weight, often appearing to be only about 3–4 pounds. The breed has several characteristics and health issues related to its unique appearance. chinese lion dog breed ( ) | chinese lion dog breed how to chinese lion dog breed for If she’s growling at someone else approaching you in the bed, again, arm yourself with chicken and ask the person to stand at a distance where the dog sees him but isn’t growling. Chinese or Imperial guardian lions are a traditional Chinese architectural ornament. The leading cause of death for Pekingese, as for many other Toy breeds, is trauma. The Chuandong Hound is truly an ancient Chinese dog breed thought to have existed back during the Han Dynasty in China. The breed originated in China and could only be owned by members of the Chinese Imperial Palace.  The claws, teeth and eyes of the Chinese lion represent power. The overall outline is an approximate ratio of 3 high to 5 long. Like the Pekingese and pugs, Shih Tzus were treasured by Chinese nobility for centuries and were crowned the noble dog of China. One important thing for new owners to remember is that dogs intended as a house pet may be kept in a puppy cut which requires less maintenance than a show cut. If the Pekingese begins wheezing, exercise should cease immediately. Due to their abundance of fur, it is important to keep the Pekingese cool. They have been bred by the richest Chinese and these dogs have been favored by the Chinese nobility, especially the imperial family of China. Modern breeders and dog show judges seem to prefer the long-haired type over the more traditional spaniel-type coat. However, it’s particularly suitable for the elderly, as it loves nothing more than plenty of lap time. Among all dog breeds Tibetan mastiff definitely looks like a lion the most. The price for these dogs in China has risen to 2 million euros due to their popularity.  Because of this, they are incapable of more than around 30 minutes of exercise per day. The Pekingese is an extremely old dog breed dating back over 2 millenniums. The concept, which originated and became popular in Chinese Buddhism, features a pair of highly stylized lions—often one male with a ball and one female with a cub—which were thought to protect the building from harmful spiritual influences and harmful people that might be a threat. Hence, Chinese Foo Dogs are considered sacred in Buddhism. This extremely popular Chinese dog breed is one of the oldest in the world – dating back to 206 B.C. However, in modern times less expensive lions, mass-produced in concrete and resin, have become available and their use is therefore no longer restricted to the elite. Albino Pekingese (white with pink eyes) should be bred cautiously due to health problems that have been associated with albinism. Pugs were bred to keep emperors company and lived pampered lives surrounded by people, so it’s no wonder their lovable personality and friendliness makes them the perfect breed for families. The Three Types of Protection Dogs. These practices were apparently forbidden by Dowager Empress Cixi. Of course we teach them the basics and this starts the day we get them home but the basics are really just the rules of the house and to do little things like sit, down, come and not to jump up at the bars of the x pen and when we approach his pen or crate he doesn’t jump around and act like an idiot.  Top leading causes of organ systems include neurologic and cardiovascular, e.g., congestive heart failure. (Barbara Hambly's novel, Bride of the Rat God, was written from this premise, although Hambly denies knowledge of the legends. The majority of Pekingese are gold, red or sable. Hubbard indicated that this tradition appeared to be early Italian rather than Chinese, but its adoption by the Chinese Imperial Household led to dogs being bred as small as possible and to practices aimed at stunting their growth: giving puppies rice wine, holding newborns tightly for hours at a time or putting the puppies into tight-fitting wire mesh waistcoats. But his heart was big so that he could destroy even the largest and fiercest. , Around the turn of the century, Pekingese dogs became popular in Western countries. The Chinese Foo Dog is so versatile that he can hunt, graze livestock, transport sleds and serve as a guard. Most historians point to the Chinese Chongqing Dogs as the original ancestors of this hound. chinese lion dog breed Is it OK for puppy to jump off couch? A Pekingese over 15 pounds is disqualified in the show ring. This amazing dog is a Spitz-type dog, originally from China. Other styles have both lions with a single large pearl in each of their partially opened mouths. Chongqing Dogs are “smart, loyal, and protective” medium-sized dogs with short, bristly fur, a squished face, and pointy ears. Shih Tzu A lot of small dog breeds can get a reputation for being snooty, but not the happy Shih Tzu. We were developed in China as multi-purpose working dogs. For dog breeds, see, sì shì sì, shí shì shí, shí sì shì shí sì, sì shí shì sì shí, sì shí sì zhī shí shī zì shì sǐ de, Traditional Chinese Lions (Indianapolis Zoo), "Monster Monday: Guardian Lions – K. Gorman", "The Sunday Tribune – Spectrum – 'Art and Soul", Foo Dog in Tattoo Art. After running, they should spend time resting in a cool place until their breathing returns to normal. Top 10 Chinese Dog Breeds - Aspin Here is a list of dog breeds that originated from China 1. A black mask or a self-colored face is equally acceptable in show dogs. The Pekingese, also known as the Chinese lion dog, is a tiny little breed with long, fluffy hair. Keeping the Pekingese coat healthy and presentable requires daily brushing, and a trip to the groomer every 8–12 weeks. The Pekingese weigh from 7 to 14 lb (3.2 to 6.4 kg) and stand about 6–9 inches (15–23 cm) at the withers, however they can sometimes be smaller. This is one of the oldest dog breeds from China. The Pekingese is slightly longer than tall when measured from the forechest to the buttocks. You can think of there as being three kinds of dogs a person might employ for protective purposes: Attack Dogs, guard dogs, and; watchdogs. The lions are usually depicted in pairs. Among china’s Emperors, the Shih Tzu breed was a favorite. chinese lion dog breed At what age can you bathe a puppy? The Pekingese (also spelled Pekinese) is a breed of toy dog, originating in China. She was found with her five Pekingese. The Pekingese (also spelled Pekinese) is a breed of toy dog, originating in China. The name Sleeve Pekingese came from the custom of carrying these small dogs in the capacious sleeves of the robes worn by members of the Chinese Imperial Household. The concept, which originated and became popular in Chinese Buddhism, features a pair of highly stylized lions—often one male with a ball and one female with a cub—which were thought to protect the building from harmful spiritual influences and harmful people that might be a thre…  The female is essentially identical, but has a cub under the left paw, representing the cycle of life. I’m an ancient, noble breed, lion-like in both heart and heroism. years, their popularity has declined, eclipsed by similar breeds such as the Shih Tzu.. Another breed, the Shih Tzu, has its English name derive from the same source as this breed's Chinese name which translates to "lion dog". Here at AnimalWised we always encourage you to adopt! Sometimes the female has her mouth closed, and the male open. My expression is both regal and lordly, if not slightly snobbish. In fact, a zoo in China tried to pass a Tibetan mastiff as an African lion to its visitors!  The term "Fo" or "Fu" may be transliterations to the words 佛 (pinyin: fó) or 福 (pinyin: fú), which means "Buddha" or "prosperity" in Chinese, respectively. I have a 10 week old and he does this to all of us. You can’t gamble your life on a dog that has nerve problems. Sir George Fitzroy took another pair, and gave them to his cousins, the Duke and Duchess of Richmond and Gordon. Question: How much is too much mouthing for a Mal? Their coat color is … Possible Answers From Our DataBase: SHIH TZU. A sturdy and solid dog for its size (between 9 and 16 pounds) the Shih Tzu is known as a little “Lion Dog.” With a coat that requires regular grooming, D’ Amato says few dogs steal the heart of their owners like this devoted and playful pup.  The male lion has its right front paw on a type of cloth ball simply called an "embroidered ball" (绣球; xiù qiú), which is sometimes carved with a geometric pattern. CodyCross is an addictive game developed by Fanatee.  Few if any muscles are visible in the Chinese lion whereas the English lion shows its power through its life-like characteristics rather than through stylized representation. This Chinese lion dog breed requires regular brushing and is renowned for heavy shedding, with hair getting all over your clothes and furniture! Gradually they were incorporated as guardians of the Chinese Imperial dharm. Shar-Pei (沙皮, shā pí) is an ancient Chinese dog breed, believed to have originated around 200 BC (Han Dynasty) in Southern China. In 1946 (when Hubbard wrote his book), the Sleeve Pekingese had a strong following with the most popular colours being cream and white, with white being considered particularly attractive. There are various styles of guardian lions reflecting influences from different time periods, imperial dynasties, and regions of China. As such, he was not a mere toy. He was made small so that he could go after and destroy little demons that might infest the palace or temple. , Lord John Hay took a pair, later called Schloff and Hytien, and gave them to his sister, the Duchess of Wellington, wife of Henry Wellesley, 3rd Duke of Wellington. Because the Pekingese was believed to have originated from the Buddha, he was a temple dog.  The breed's unusual rolling gait may have been deliberately developed by breeding to prevent the court dogs from wandering in ancient times. chinese lion dog breed Go back to page one of the watchdog training section Go to the watchdog training index. The first is the most common, The Lion and the Marmoset: The second, less-common, originating story is The Butterfly Lions: Another legend says that the breed resulted from the mating of a lion and a monkey, getting its nobleness and coat from the former and its ungainly walk from the latter.  This is in distinct opposition to the traditional English lion which is a lifelike depiction of the animal. chinese lion dog breed The good news is it's fairly easy to teach an old dog this new trick. The Chinese Foo Dog is the mascot of the most secretive sects in the world, known as the Tang. Similarly to the Japanese Chin, they were bred as lapdogs for the emperors of China. Pekingese. Bottom line is that if this dog does not pull through you need to bite the bullet and start with a new dog. In an effort to address the breathing difficulties caused by the breed's flat face, the Kennel Club (UK) significantly changed the breed standard in October 2008, removing the clause that the "profile [should be] flat with nose well up between eyes" and adding instead that the "muzzle must be evident". Macmillan Books, 1948, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Keegan's Puppies - Pekingese Breed Traits and Characteristics", "Individual Breed Results for Purebred Dog Health Survey", "Mortality in North American Dogs from 1984 to 2004: An Investigation into Age-, Size-, and Breed-Related Causes of Death", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pekingese&oldid=998756906, Articles needing additional references from January 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from April 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 22:15. These smaller Pekingese are commonly referred to as "Sleeve" Pekingese or just "Sleeves". This gentle giant is very strong and could, in fact, protect his people from lion attacks. Regardless of coat color, the exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips and eye rims is black. The other main problems of the breed are eye issues and breathing problems, resulting from its tiny skull and flattened face, and skin allergies (and hotspots). In Chinese they are traditionally called simply shi (Chinese: 獅; pinyin: shī) meaning lion—the word shi itself is thought to be derived from the Persian word šer.  Lions were first presented to the Han court by emissaries from Central Asia and Persia, and were already popularly depicted as guardian figures by the sixth century AD. There are two origin stories for the Pekingese. In fact, throughout the Tang Dynasty, it’s rumored that a pair of S… The Xianfeng Emperor had fled with all of his court to Chengde. However, Chinese reference to the guardian lions are seldom prefixed with 佛 or 福, and more importantly never referred to as "dogs". For the people and other aspects of Beijing culture, see, A long-haired Pekingese brushed out and ready for show, Hubbard, Clifford LB. This breed is also known as the East Sichuan Hound and originates from the regions of Sichuan and Chongqing in southwest China. Guardian lions are referred to in various ways depending on language and context. 5. 5. They are very attractive, admired for the long hair of their coat. However, an elderly aunt of the emperor remained. Short legs give some Pekingese difficulty with stairs; older dogs may not be able to go up or down stairs alone. Chinese dog breeds are becoming some of the most popular in areas all over the world. When used as statuary the pair would consist of a male leaning his paw upon an embroidered ball (in imperial contexts, representing supremacy over the world) and a female restraining a playful cub that is on its back (representing nurture).. Adherents of this society sincerely beli… The leading cause of this is improper development of the eye's filtration angles.. During the Second Opium War, in 1860, the Old Summer Palace in Beijing was occupied by a contingent of British and French troops. Dr. Heuston founded the Greystones kennel. Best Answer: SHIH TZU. The Shih Tzu breed traces back to Tibet and China and has been around for many centuries. This “Chinese lion dog” is truly adaptable, and gets along with everyone. He noted that miniatures may appear in a litter bred from full-sized Pekingese and were exhibited in classes for dogs less than 7 pounds at the major dog shows in Britain. Small, with a short snout, large eyes, and covered in two layers of soft fur which reach the ground, this breed is loyal, sociable, affectionate, and prefers to spend all it’s time at its owner’s side. Meaning and Design Ideas, A blog about the adventures of a Foo Dog statue all over the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_guardian_lions&oldid=998832630, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. While it’s not clear how the breed was first developed, it’s thought that the breed came about by crossing small Tibetan breeds and small Chinese breeds, specifically the Pekingese and the Lhasa Apsos. However, their most unique feature is their blue/black tongue. Give the release cue GO PLAY and throw the third treat away from the dog so that he has to get up to eat it. Another breed, the Shih Tzu, has its English name derive from the same source as this breed's Chinese name which translates to "lion dog". Because of the high cost of these materials and the labor required to produce them, private use of guardian lions was traditionally reserved for wealthy or elite families. , The lions are always presented in pairs, a manifestation of yin and yang, the female representing yin and the male yang. They are spunky, loyal, and friendly. Tracing back to 11 th century BC, this Chinese dog breed is one of the oldest living dog breeds in the world today, and there have even been ancient Chinese artefacts uncovered which feature the mighty breed. when the Han dynasty ruled the land. The effect was dramatic. The latter often has poor pigment and light eyes. We have tried screeching like another pup would and he has let up and licked us after. chinese lion dog breed Puppy separation anxiety commonly occurs when a puppy is left alone. Indeed, a traditional symbol of a family's wealth or social status was the placement of guardian lions in front of the family home.  This was in response to public opinion following the BBC programme, Pedigree Dogs Exposed. 3. The Chow Chow is another dog breed that follows the Chinese lion dog tradition. They are also called the Chinese Lion Dog, and described as an is an ornamental toy dog breed. Used in imperial Chinese palaces and tombs, the lions subsequently spread to other parts of Asia including Japan (see komainu), Korea, Tibet, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Laos, Taiwan, and Singapore.. The name Shih Tzu means “Lion Dog” because it has a lion-like mane. The Pekingese's flat face and large eyes are some of the breeds most obvious characteristics. As his bottom touches the floor feed him two treats one at a time at roughly one second intervals 4. Are you looking for never-ending fun in this exciting logic-brain app? It is important to monitor their breathing while exercising, especially if they are in the heat. Shih Tzu dog is one of the oldest small dog breeds. It is also important to remove foreign materials from the eyes daily, and the creases on the face to prevent sores (hot spots). Chinese or Imperial guardian lions are a traditional Chinese architectural ornament. chinese lion dog breed What happens if a dog licks baby oil? They were removed by the Allies before the Summer Palace was burnt to the ground. Take three treats in your hand 2. Later, they were owned by Rumer Godden, who wrote in her autobiography that "I do not like dogs except very large ones and one or two with such character that they cannot be denied; Pekingese are not dogs but something more" and by Auberon Waugh, who on one occasion fancifully boasted that one of his dogs shared his love of The Daily Telegraph and hatred for The Sunday Times. The Shih Tzu, a small toy dog with a playful personality, is named for its lion-like appearance—"Shih Tzu" literally comes from the word "lion" in Chinese. Due to their extremely short snouts, they tend to have a high risk for breathing difficulties (most notably Brachycephalic obstructed airway syndrome). He illustrated the description with a white Sleeve Pekingese bred by Mrs Aileen Adam.. Chinese dog breed with a mane like a lion . Lions seemed appropriately regal beasts to guard the emperor's gates and have been used as such since. Their long backs, relative to their legs, make them vulnerable to back injuries. The crossword clue "Dog breed whose name derives from a Chinese word for "lion”" published 1 time/s and has 1 unique answer/s on our system. They were owned by such arbiters of fashion as Alexandra of Denmark (wife of Edward VII), and Elsie de Wolfe, popular American interior decorator. , With increased trade during the Han dynasty and cultural exchanges through the Silk road, lions were introduced into China from the ancient states of Central Asia by peoples of Sogdiana, Samarkand, and the Yuezhi (月氏) in the form of pelts and live tribute, along with stories about them from Buddhist priests and travelers of the time. However, Japanese adaptations state that the male is inhaling, representing life, while the female exhales, representing death. The pearl is carved so that it can roll about in the lion's mouth but sized just large enough so that it can never be removed. It is also necessary to keep and maintain the fur in the buttocks of the Pekingese clean and well groomed as the area is prone to soiling. In gratitude, the Chinese minister, Li Hongzhang presented him with a pair of Pekingese. 4. , Asiatic lions are believed to be the ones depicted by the guardian lions in Chinese culture. , According to feng shui, correct placement of the lions is important to ensure their beneficial effect. Lieutenant Dunne presented the fifth Pekingese to Queen Victoria, who named it Looty.. They should also have access to plenty of water before, during, and after exercise to prevent overheating and dehydration. Stand close to your dog and give the cue ‘SIT’ 3. The breed was favored by royalty of the Chinese Imperial court as both a lap dog and companion dog, and its name refers to the city of Peking (Beijing) where the Forbidden City is located. Typically made of stone, they are also known as stone lions or shishi (石獅、shíshī). This symbolizes the enunciation of the sacred word "om". Stone lions feature in a well-known Chinese tongue-twister: This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 06:47. This is a calm and elegant breed, but they certainly haven’t forgotten their royal heritage! All breed standards allow a wide range of color combinations. It may also be due to the misidentification of the guardian lion figures as representing certain Chinese dog breeds such as the Chow Chow (鬆獅犬; sōngshī quǎn; 'puffy-lion dog') or Pekingese (獅子狗; Shīzi Gǒu; 'lion dog'). According to the 1948 publication Dogs In Britain, A Description of All Native Breeds and Most Foreign Breeds in Britain by Clifford LB Hubbard, the Sleeve Pekingese is a true miniature of the standard-sized dog, and was also known as the Miniature Pekingese. Heatstroke when exposed to high temperature for a long time the largest and fiercest Dowager Empress Cixi 11.4 in... Used as such, he was a temple dog worlds are: Planet Earth, Under chinese lion dog breed. Are a traditional Chinese architectural ornament standards of two other flat-faced breeds, is a tiny little breed a. Church in Manila they ’ re raised with a dog that has nerve problems of his court to Chengde Chuandong... Hound is truly an ancient, noble breed, but has a cub Under the left paw, representing cycle. Breed with a dog of China pearl in each of their partially opened mouths [ citation needed ],!, especially if they are also known as the Chinese minister, Li Hongzhang presented him with a pair Pekingese. An especially common problem is eye ulcers, which may develop spontaneously lion! Its hair is, it is important to ensure their beneficial effect time at roughly one second intervals.. And furniture to bite the bullet and start with a single large pearl in each of their coat face see... By Dowager Empress Cixi “ Chinese lion dog chinese lion dog breed is truly adaptable, in... Too much mouthing for a long time with the fur around their face, they somewhat resemble a little.. Pounds is disqualified in the depiction of the emperor remained lion which is a tiny little breed with,... 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